Canada, allies formally launch case in opposition to Iran at UN prime courtroom over downing of passenger jet
The UK, Canada, Sweden and Ukraine launched a case in opposition to Iran on the United Nations’ highest courtroom on Wednesday over the downing in 2020 of a Ukrainian passenger jet and the deaths of all 176 passengers and crew.
The 4 nations need the Worldwide Court docket of Justice to rule that Iran illegally shot down the Ukraine Worldwide Airways aircraft and to order Tehran to apologize and pay compensation to the households of the victims.
Flight PS752 was travelling from Tehran to Kyiv on Jan. 8, 2020, when it was shot down quickly after takeoff. There have been 55 Canadian residents and 30 everlasting residents on the aircraft, in addition to nationals and residents of Sweden, Ukraine Britain, Afghanistan and Iran. Their ages ranged from one 12 months to 74 years outdated.
“In the present day’s authorized motion displays our unwavering dedication to reaching transparency, justice and accountability for the households of the victims,” the nations stated in a joint assertion on Wednesday. They stated they filed the case after Iran failed to answer a December request for arbitration.
Following three days of denials in January 2020, Iran stated its paramilitary Revolutionary Guard mistakenly downed the Ukrainian aircraft with two surface-to-air missiles. Iranian authorities blamed an air defence operator who they stated mistook the Boeing 737-800 for an American cruise missile.
Iran-held proceedings condemned
An Iranian courtroom this 12 months sentenced an air defence commander allegedly answerable for the downing to 13 years imprisonment, in line with the nation’s official judiciary information outlet.
However the nations that filed the case with the world courtroom in The Hague known as the prosecution “a sham and opaque trial.” Kin of the victims have additionally criticized the proceedings in interviews with CBC Information.
In response to the courtroom submitting revealed Wednesday, the U.Ok., Canada, Sweden and Ukraine argue that Iran “didn’t take all practicable measures to stop the illegal and intentional fee of an offence” and “didn’t conduct an neutral, clear and honest prison investigation and prosecution in line with worldwide regulation.”
The submitting alleges that Iran withheld or destroyed proof, blamed different nations and low stage Revolutionary Guard personnel, “threatened and harassed the households of the victims in search of justice” and didn’t report particulars of the incident to the Worldwide Civil Aviation Group.
The downing occurred on the identical day Iran launched a ballistic missile assault on U.S. troops in Iraq in retaliation for an American drone strike that killed prime Iranian basic Qassem Soleimani.
Final week, Iran filed a case in opposition to Canada linked to the downing, accusing it of flouting state immunity in permitting relations of terrorism victims to hunt reparations from the Islamic Republic.